VATT Institute for Economic Research, Finland, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Research Professor, VATT Institute for Economic Research; Adjunct Professor of Economics, University of Helsinki
Social security, unemployment, early retirement pensions
Trainee/Assistant Researcher/Senior Researcher, VATT Institute for Economic Research, 1996–2012; Visiting Senior Researcher, Aarhus School of Business, 2007
PhD Economics, University of Helsinki, 2007
"Early retirement policy in the presence of competing exit pathways: Evidence from pension reforms in Finland." Economica 82 (2015): 46–78.
"A distributional analysis of earnings losses of displaced workers in an economic depression and recovery." Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 76 (2015): 565–588 (with O. Korkeamäki).
"On the reliability of retrospective information in European household panel." Empirical Economics 46 (2014): 1473–1493 (with R. Wilke).
"The effect of receiving supplementary UI benefits on unemployment duration." Labour Economics 21 (2013): 122–133 (with P. Parrotta and M. Rosholm).
"Institutional rules, labour demand and retirement through disability programme participation." Journal of Population Economics 25 (2012): 439–468 (with O. Korkeamäki).
This is a revision of the original article.Tomi Kyyrä, January 2018This is a revision of the original article. Finland’s population is aging rapidly by international comparison. The shrinking working-age population means that the burden of increasing pension and health care expenditures is placed on a smaller group of employed workers, while the scope for economic growth through increased labor input diminishes. Fiscal sustainability of the welfare state calls for a high employment rate among people of working age. Recent increases in employment among older groups contribute favorably to public finances, but high overall unemployment and a large share of the long-term unemployed are serious concerns.MoreLess
This is a revision of the original article. Unlike most OECD countries, Israel experienced a major increase in both employment and participation rates over the last 15 yearsThis is a revision of the original article. Following a decline in employment and participation rates during the 1980s and 1990s, Israel managed to reverse these trends during the last 15 years. This was accompanied by a substantial decrease in unemployment. New labor force participants are mostly from the low end of the education distribution, and many are relatively old. They entered the labor force in response to cuts in welfare payments and increases in the mandatory retirement age. Net household income for all population groups has increased due to growth in labor income; however, inequality between households has increased.MoreLess