Cornell University, USA
IZA World of Labor role
T. H. Lee Professor of World Affairs, International Professor of Applied Economics and Management, Professor of Economics, Cornell University, USA
Public economics, income distribution, inequality, poverty, development economics, labor markets, informality, and urbanization
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Chief Economist for Africa at the World Bank; Member of the OECD High Level Expert Group on the Measurement of Economic Progress; President of the Human Development and Capabilities Association.
Professor of Economics, University of Warwick, UK.
PhD Economics, University of Oxford, 1981
Climate Justice: Integrating Economics and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019 (co-editor with H. Shue).
Immiserizing Growth: When Growth Fails the Poor. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019 (co-editor with R. Sandbrook and P. Shaffer).
Symposium on Secondary Towns and Poverty Reduction. World Development (Special Issue), 2018 (co-editor with L. Christiaensen).
“Enforcement matters; The effective regulation of labor.” International Labour Review 157:3 (2018): 331–356 (with L. Ronconi).
“Inequality indices as tests of fairness.” Economic Journal (Forthcoming, 2019) (with A. Snell).
Non-compliance with labor legislation is widespread and this has critical implications for understanding labor markets in developing countriesCompliance with minimum wage laws and non-wage conditions of employment often depends on labor market specific factors. In developing countries, many workers still earn less than the legal minimum and lack access to mandated non-wage benefits. Enforcement has not kept up with regulation growth and compliance has not been measured from a multidimensional perspective. Such an approach would help to understand the impact of institutional variables and country-specific approaches on the level of labor law violation. The difference between de facto and de jure regulation remains particularly pertinent in countries where compliance is low.MoreLess