Warsaw School of Economics, Poland, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; Visiting Professor, College of Europe, Belgium
Labor economics, pension economics, health economics, social policy
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Advisor to President of Poland (2002–2005)
PhD Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, 1988
“Political economy of pension reforms: Selected general issues and the Polish pension reform case.” IZA Journal of Labour and Development 2:2 (2013).
“Demography rules in pension systems.” In: Kupiszewski, M. (ed.). International Migration and the Future of Populations and Labour in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013; pp. 293–300.
“Preserving social models while regaining competitiveness: Can Europe do both?” European View 11:1 (2012): 55–62.
“Creating a good pension system: A challenge for Europe.” In Dykstra, P. A. (ed.). Ageing, Intergenerational Solidarity and Age-Specific Vulnerabilities. The Hague: KNAW Press, 2008; pp. 1–16.
Shifting Perspectives in Pensions. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1369, 2004 (with E. Palmer).
- Labor markets and institutions
- Transition and emerging economies
- Demography, family, and gender
Redesigning pension systems Updated
The institutional structure of pension systems should follow population developmentsMarek Góra, April 2019For decades, pension systems were based on the rising revenue generated by an expanding population (the so-called demographic dividend). As changes in fertility and longevity created new population structures, however, the dividend disappeared, but pension systems failed to adapt. They are kept solvent by increasing redistributions from the shrinking working-age population to retirees. A simple and transparent structure and individualization of pension system participation are the key preconditions for an intergenerationally just old-age security system.MoreLess
This is a revision, version 3.This is a revision, version 3. Most OECD countries spend substantially more on maternity leave schemes than on early childcare. However, given high tax burdens and rapidly aging populations, female labor force participation is critically needed. Moreover, it is important to know whether the main beneficiaries, the children themselves, reap more benefits from one or the other in the long term. The first cohorts exposed to the introduction or extension of maternity/paternity leave schemes and subsidized childcare programs have now completed education and entered the labor market, allowing an investigation of these programs’ long-term economic effects.MoreLess