Vanderbilt University, USA, CASE, Poland, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor, Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University, USA
Applied labor economics, health, education, economic development
Visiting Scholar, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden, August–September 2014; Visiting Scholar, University of Central Asia, Kyrgyz Republic, 2009; Visiting Professor, University of Adelaide, Australia, 1999
PhD Economics, North Carolina State University, 1978
“Remittances and the human capital of children: New evidence from Kyrgyzstan during revolution and financial crisis.” Journal of Comparative Economics 42:3 (2014): 770–785 (with A. Kroeger).
“Investing in health: The long-term impact of head start on smoking.” Economic Inquiry 48:3 (2010): 587–602 (with J. E. Foster and D. Fisvold).
“Labor migration, household resource allocation, the environment, and climate change: Theory and evidence from Central Asia.” Mountain Research and Development (2009) (with A. Qiyobekov).
“The cost of corruption in higher education.” Comparative Education Review 52:1 (2008): 1–25 (with S. P. Heyneman).
Consequences of Creating a Market Economy: Evidence from Household Surveys in Central Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Press, 2003 (with R. Pomfret).
Immigrants initially earn less than natives; the wage gap falls over time, but for many immigrant groups it never closesImmigrants contribute to the economic development of the host country, but they earn less at entry and it takes many years for them to achieve parity of income. For some immigrant groups, the wage gap never closes. There is a wide variation across countries in the entry wage gap and the speed of wage assimilation over time. Wage assimilation is affected by year of entry, immigrant skill, ethnicity, and gender. Policies that facilitate assimilation of immigrant workers provide support for education, language, and employment. Such policies can also reduce barriers to entry, encourage naturalization, and target selection of immigrants.MoreLess