Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Ford Professor of Economics and Associate Head, MIT, USA
Human capital, skill demands, and earnings inequality, labor market and societal impacts of technological change and globalization, disability insurance and labor force participation, contingent and intermediated work arrangements
PhD Public Policy, Harvard University, 1999
“The China Shock: Learning from labor market adjustment to large changes in trade.” Annual Review of Economics 8 (2016): 205–240 (with D. Dorn and G. Hanson).
“Untangling trade and technology: Evidence from local labour markets.” The Economic Journal 125:584 (2015): 621–646 (with D. Dorn and G. Hanson).
“Trade adjustment: Worker level evidence.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 129:4 (2014): 1799–1860 (with D. Dorn, G. Hanson, and J. Song).
“Skills, education and the rise of earnings inequality among the ‘other 99 percent.’” Science 344:6186 (2014): 843–851.
“The China syndrome: Local labor effects of import competition in the United States.” American Economic Review 103:6 (2013): 2121–2168 (with D. Dorn and G. Hanson).
This is a revision of the original article.David H. Autor, February 2018This is a revision of the original article. Economists have long recognized that free trade has the potential to raise countries’ living standards. But what applies to a country as a whole need not apply to all its citizens. Workers displaced by trade cannot change jobs costlessly, and by reshaping skill demands, trade integration is likely to be permanently harmful to some workers and permanently beneficial to others. The “China Shock”—denoting China’s rapid market integration in the 1990s and its accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001—has given new, unwelcome empirical relevance to these theoretical insights.MoreLess
This is a revision of the original article.David H. Autor, February 2018This is a revision of the original article. Productivity differences across firms and countries are surprisingly large and persistent. Recent research reveals that the country-level distributions of productivity and quality of management are strikingly similar, suggesting that management practices may play a key role in the determination of worker and firm productivity. Understanding the causal impacts of these practices on productivity and the effectiveness of various management interventions is thus of primary policy interest.MoreLess
This is a revision of the original article. Understanding how migration responds to tax changes will aid in setting the progressivity of a tax systemThis is a revision of the original article. Decreased transportation costs have led to the transmission of ideas and values across national borders that has helped reduce the barriers to international labor mobility. In this context, high-skilled individuals are more likely to vote with their feet in response to high income taxes. It is thus important to examine the magnitude of tax-driven migration responses in developed countries as well as the possible consequences of income tax competition between nation states. More specifically, how does the potential threat of migration affect a country’s optimal income tax policies?MoreLess
- Program evaluation
- Labor markets and institutions
- Education and human capital
- Demography, family, and gender
This is a revision of the original article.This is a revision of the original article. In Germany, young people are no worse off than adults in the labor market, while in southern and eastern European countries, they fare three to four times worse. In Anglo-Saxon countries, both youth and adults fare better than elsewhere, but their unemployment rates fluctuate more over the business cycle. The arrangements developed in each country to help young people gain work experience explain the striking differences in their outcomes. A better understanding of what drives these differences in labor market performance of young workers is essential for policies to be effectiveMoreLess
This is a revision of the original article. Unlike most OECD countries, Israel experienced a major increase in both employment and participation rates over the last 15 yearsThis is a revision of the original article. Following a decline in employment and participation rates during the 1980s and 1990s, Israel managed to reverse these trends during the last 15 years. This was accompanied by a substantial decrease in unemployment. New labor force participants are mostly from the low end of the education distribution, and many are relatively old. They entered the labor force in response to cuts in welfare payments and increases in the mandatory retirement age. Net household income for all population groups has increased due to growth in labor income; however, inequality between households has increased.MoreLess